For our latest lookbook, we've collected ten interiors that reference the style of the Shakers, a Christian sect that believed in simplicity and utility.
The Shakers, a mid-18th century religious sect, believed it was possible to "form a more perfect society on Earth". Followers practised communal living and shared all property.
Shaker-style interiors and furniture have since become known for their very simple, unadorned design, which lets the qualities of the materials – mainly wood – shine through. The style is still popular today, especially in kitchen settings.
Here, we have gathered ten examples of interiors that showcase the allure of this simple functional design.
This is the latest roundup in our Dezeen Lookbooks series that provide visual inspiration for designers and design enthusiasts. Previous lookbooks include home libraries, minimalist bedrooms and concrete living rooms.
The bedroom of this Mexico City hotel has a quiet, yet welcoming feel. Warm wood creates a striking contrast against plain, white walls, and is complemented by beige linen fabrics. A peg rail, commonly used by Shakers to hang hats, clothes and light pieces of furniture, decorates the wall.
"We imagined an architecture free of ornament, where the correct use of simple materials enhances the quality of the space," architect Ambrosi Etchegaray told Dezeen.
Find out more about Círculo Mexicano ›
This artisanal bakery in Vancouver, Canada, was designed by Ste Marie using Shaker-informed furniture to have a "mix of farmhouse sensibility and Scandinavian design principles".
Built-in wooden shelving holds cookbooks, cooking utensils and decorative ceramics. It has been left in its natural colour to underline the traditional, handmade feel of the space.
Find out more about Flourist bakery ›
A display of original furniture made by the Shakers was combined with contemporary interpretations of the sect's designs in an exhibition at Toronto design store Mjölk.
Here, the juxtaposition of a classic dark-wood bench and contemporary ceramic vases creates a modern interior that still clearly nods to historic homes. Framed pressed flowers evoke the Shakers' way of life, in close connection to nature.
New York design studio White Arrow added dark-blue cabinetry to the kitchen of this rowhouse in Queens, New York. Despite being more colourful than designs normally associated with Shaker-style interiors, the cabinets feature the clean lines and inset panels widely used by the sect.
The dark blue colour of the kitchen cabinets is especially striking against the room's white walls and copper lighting. A floating shelf holds crockery and glassware, while a marble backdrop adds to the quiet luxury of this kitchen design.
Find out more about Queens rowhouse ›
These wooden furniture pieces by London design studio Pinch were created to express a "restrained interpretation of luxury" and shown in a simple, yet elegant setting. The gleaming natural wood colours are contrasted with white detailing, and set against white walls and a white-tinted wooden floor.
The studio's circular Rodan dining table was designed to reference the round or oval bentwood boxes that were historically used by the Shakers to store kitchen ingredients.
Find out more about Pinch ›
This black stove by Wittus is designed to look like traditional angular Shaker stoves. It warms the bedroom of Clover Hill Residence in upstate New York and nods to the history of the house, which began its life as an iron foundry in the 1890s.
Wooden furniture, a woven rug and a colour palette of just browns, whites and dark blues create a soothing, peaceful bedroom.
Find out more about Clover Hill Residence ›
This wooden bench with a matching table was designed for the Furnishing Utopia exhibition, which showed Shaker-style interiors and design. Shown in a traditional setting, the bench is a modern take on the pared-down designs that gave the sect the moniker "the first minimalists".
The 11 designers taking part in the show visited preserved Shaker sites at Hancock Shaker Village and the Mount Lebanon Shaker Museum to find inspiration for the furniture.
Find out more about Furnishing Utopia ›
Austin Maynard Architects designed Terracotta House for a keen gardener. It was created as a communal-living family "compound' – akin to a village square – similar to the Shakers ' practice of communal living.
Wooden furniture was used for the interior of the house, a timber-clad Victorian workers' cottage that has been renovated and modernised.
Find out more about Terracotta House ›
The classic Shaker-style kitchen in this US home was painted all-white, creating a light-filled, bright interior. Gold detailing on the handles, plug sockets and lighting create an elegant contrast to the cream-coloured cabinets.
A herringbone-patterned parquet floor adds a more rustic feel to the kitchen, which has floor-to-ceiling storage spaces and marble countertops.
Find out more Historic Schoolhouse ›
This sunlit kitchen features simple wooden furniture, including designer Gabriel Tan's Shaker-inspired stool. It can be hung on a peg on a wall – a traditional way for the Shakers to store their goods and furniture.
"The chair is really about two things I love the most about the Shakers," the designer said. "One, that they hung their furniture and stuff on the wall when they don't use it, and two – the unusual shape of the wood-fire Shaker stove."
Find out more about this design ›
This is the latest in our series of lookbooks providing curated visual inspiration from Dezeen's image archive. For more inspiration see previous lookbooks showcasing home libraries, minimalist bedrooms and concrete living rooms.
This week on Dezeen, BIG founder Bjarke Ingels revealed that he is master planning a "new city in America" for five million people.
The city, named Telosa, is being designed for US entrepreneur Marc Lore and set to be built on an unoccupied 150,000-acre site in the US desert "from scratch".
"Our vision is to create a new city in America that sets a global standard for urban living, expands human potential and becomes a blueprint for future generations," said a statement from Telosa.
Also in the USA, Logan Architecture completed four 3D-printed homes in Austin, which developer ICON claims are the first 3D-printed houses available for sale in the country.
"They are the first 3D-printed homes for sale in the US and ready for move-in," ICON told Dezeen.
In other architecture news, United Arab Emirates' Wetland pavilion curated by Wael Al Awar and Kenichi Teramoto has won the Golden Lion for Best National Participation at this year's Venice Architecture Biennale.
The UAE pavilion, which investigates using salt as an alternative to Portland cement, was named the winner for its focus on the construction possibilities of waste materials.
In design news, Technical University in Munich graduate Rebecca Weiss won a James Dyson Award for her design concept for a male contraceptive device.
The device would use ultrasound waves to temporarily halt sperm regeneration.
As September began we looked ahead to the biggest events taking place this month.
These include the 15th edition of Design Miami/Basel, the return of London Design Festival and a special version of Salone del Mobile. Check Dezeen Events Guide for more details.
This week we took a look at the work of Japanese architect Kengo Kuma. The author of Kuma Complete Works 1988-Today picked 10 key projects designed by the architect from the book.
We also interviewed architect Jane Hall, the author of Woman Made: Great Women Designers, an A to Z-style book charting the work of both iconic and unknown female product designers over the last century.
Popular projects this week included a Passive House in Quebec, Surf House in Santa Cruz by Feldman Architecture and the plant-covered Tsuruoka House in Tokyo.
Our lookbooks this week focused on home libraries and living rooms featuring wooden panelling.
This week on Dezeen is our regular roundup of the week's top news stories. Subscribe to our newsletters to be sure you don't miss anything.
Mediterranean influences, warm wood tones and vintage objects are found throughout this Los Angeles hotel with interiors by Home Studios.
Located in the southern neighbourhood of West Adams, Alsace LA occupies a purpose-built property designed by NMDA Architects that houses 48 guest rooms over 22,500 square feet (2,090 square metres).
Brooklyn-based Home Studios looked to the architectural variety of the historic surrounding area, and the similarities in climate and lifestyle between Southern California and the Mediterranean, as starting points for the interiors.
Guests arrive at a courtyard area paved with terracotta tiles, surrounded by rockery gardens and adjacent to a shaded outdoor seating area.
The entrance is located beside a protruding section of the building that lifts off the ground and angles upward, following the staircase inside.
Entered under a portico, the lobby is filled with caramel-toned materials and furniture – a mix of vintage and contemporary pieces.
Tiled doorways, soft cove lighting, and eclectic homeware by local designers all add to the ambience.
Behind the custom-made, white-oak reception desk is a site-specific mural hand-painted onto glazed tiles by LA artist Lukas Geronimas Giniotis, whose work is found across the hotel.
"Like scenes from mythology, each of Giniotis' tile motifs hint at the use of space throughout the hotel's common areas: divers near the exit to the pool, figures playing near the gym, and bodies ascending stairs," said the Home Studios team.
Oak is also used for the lobby floors, and to form a wall-to-ceiling feature in a niche that acts as a lounge.
Across the courtyard is a light and airy meeting room, where a custom conference table and Gubi Stay lounge chairs sit on handwoven Moroccan rugs.
Each 230-square-foot guest room features custom designs by Home Studios, including upholstered headboard panels, rattan and wood wardrobes, and sculptural brass hooks.
Larger suites enjoy private balconies or terraces, as well as custom dining tables and bespoke pull-out sofas.
"With an emphasis on the unexpected, the hotel is truly a one-of-a-kind space, made culturally relevant with contemporary art, photography, and playful design details that incorporate subtle references to European antiquity by way of local craft," said Home Studios.
Home Studios was founded in 2009 by Oliver Haslegrave and has since racked up a portfolio of hospitality projects across the US.
The team recently completed a restaurant in a former Wisconsin railway station, and previously designed a cinematic cocktail bar in West Hollywood.
The photography is by Andrew and Gemma Ingalls.
Client: CIM Development
Architecture: NMDA Architects
Interior design, styling: Home Studios
Riparia Architecture Studio has completed an apartment building in a Mexican resort town that consists of three volumes, one of which has a large screen and "opens like a fan towards the jungle".
The Kokonut building is located in Akumal, a coastal town in the Yucatán Peninsula. It sits within the state of Quintana Roo and is about 30 kilometres north of Tulum.
Riparia Architecture Studio, based in Mexico City, was tasked with designing an apartment building for a 1,019-square-metre, irregularly shaped site that is dotted with trees.
In response to the site's geometry and other constraints, the firm conceived a multi-storey building comprising three volumes – a central, trapezoidal mass that is flanked by two rectangular structures. The building totals 1,427 square metres.
"The two side volumes are symmetrical, and the central one opens like a fan towards the jungle," the architects said.
The building is fronted by a parking area with permeable paving, enabling rainwater to infiltrate the soil below. A slender bridge connects the parking lot to the central volume.
Concrete panels and concrete blocks were used to form the building's exterior walls.
"A strict logic was used for material placement, using only one direction for concrete and the other for cinder block – giving each hierarchy and purity," the team said.
Rather than adding a finish, the materials were left untouched for aesthetic purposes and to reduce maintenance needs.
The street-facing side of the building is largely opaque in order to provide privacy. On the rear facades, long balconies offer tenants the chance to relax outdoors and take in the scenery.
To soften the building's overall appearance, the team lined a stairwell with a lattice-like screen made of blocks.
"This at night is intended to function as a lamp, illuminated with warm light," the team said.
The building's unconventional layout enabled every unit to have its own corridor. Moreover, each apartment has two entry doors off the corridor: one leading into the main living area, and the other leading into a guest bedroom.
The separate doors enable the owner to rent out a portion of the unit as a hotel room.
"The central unit, having the room facing the jungle, has a wooden lattice door to control access to the terrace, in case the second bedroom gets rented," the team said.
On the lowest level of the building, the team created a long, rectangular swimming pool and adjacent terrace. Other amenities were placed at the roof garden level.
Located below the parking lot is a mechanical room, which includes tanks and other equipment needed to store and purify rainwater.
The state of Quintana Roo is known for its sandy beaches, Mayan ruins and oceanfront resorts. Other projects there include BAI-HA, an 18-apartment holiday resort in Tulum that was designed by PPAA.
The photography is by Tamara Uribe.
Architecture: Riparia Architecture Studio
Project team: Laurent Herbiet, Giordana Rojas, Andrés Burguete, Fernanda Romero y Ana Benítez
Structural design: Enrique Minchaca
Developer: TAO México
Rainwater harvesting design: Sistemas Pluviales SPL